Indian Ballistic Missile Defence

Indian Ballistic Missile Defence Programme National Security

The Indian Ballistic Missile Defence Program is an initiative to develop and deploy a multi-layered ballistic missile defence system to protect India from ballistic missile attacks. Phase 1 has been successfully tested and completed and deployment awaits final official permission. Phase 2 is under development. Introduced in light of the ballistic missile threat from Pakistan and China it is a double-tiered system consisting of two land […]

UPSC IAS Biology - The Fundamental Unit of Life

UPSC IAS Biology – The Fundamental Unit of Life

Introduction The fundamental unit of life is cell. Cell was first discovered by Robert Hooke in 1665 in a simple microscope. In 1674, Leeuwenhoek, with the help of developed microscope, discovered the free living cells in pond water. In 1831, Robert Brown had discovered the nucleus in the cell. In 1839, Purkinje used the term […]


Increasing Demand for OBC status Important Topics for UPSC Exams

Increasing Demand for OBC status  Important Topics for UPSC Exams In recent times demand for other backward caste (OBC) status by various communities such as Patidars, Kapus, Jats, and Marathas have increased. This demand reflects the challenges they are facing in getting job. The rationale behind introduction of reservation system in India was to address […]