UPSC IAS Syllabus 2024 for Prelims and Mains

UPSC IAS Syllabus For Prelims, Mains Exam

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) examination, which is one of the most prestigious and challenging exams in India. Understanding the UPSC IAS syllabus is crucial for aspirants aiming to clear this examination, as it provides a clear roadmap for preparation. The 2024 syllabus has undergone some changes, and it’s essential to be aware of these updates to strategize effectively.

UPSC IAS Syllabus 2024: Detailed Prelims and Mains Guide

UPSC IAS Prelims Syllabus

General Studies Paper I

  • Current Events of National and International Importance: This section covers significant current affairs that have national and international relevance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement: Focuses on ancient, medieval, and modern history along with the freedom struggle.
  • Indian and World Geography: Physical, social, and economic geography of India and the world.
  • Indian Polity and Governance: Includes the Constitution, political system, Panchayati Raj, public policy, rights issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development: Sustainable development, poverty, inclusion, demographics, social sector initiatives, etc.
  • General Issues on Environmental Ecology, Biodiversity, and Climate Change: General awareness of the environment, biodiversity, and climate change.
  • General Science: Basic concepts and developments in science.

General Studies Paper II (CSAT)

  • Comprehension: Understanding and interpreting passages.
  • Interpersonal Skills Including Communication Skills: Skills necessary for effective communication.
  • Logical Reasoning and Analytical Ability: Ability to analyze and logically deduce.
  • Decision Making and Problem Solving: Ability to make decisions and solve problems effectively.
  • General Mental Ability: Basic logical and analytical skills.
  • Basic Numeracy: Basic arithmetic, algebra, and geometry.
  • Data Interpretation: Interpretation of charts, graphs, tables, etc.

UPSC IAS Mains Syllabus

Qualifying Papers

  • Paper A: Indian Language
  • Paper B: English

Essay Paper

  • Writing essays on multiple topics to assess coherence, originality, and clarity of thought.

General Studies Papers

  • General Studies Paper I: Indian Heritage and Culture, History, and Geography of the World and Society.
  • General Studies Paper II: Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice, and International Relations.
  • General Studies Paper III: Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security, and Disaster Management.
  • General Studies Paper IV: Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude.

Optional Subjects

  • A wide range of subjects from which candidates can choose based on their interest and academic background.

Detailed Breakdown of Prelims Syllabus

In-depth Analysis of General Studies Paper I Topics

Each topic requires a thorough understanding and regular updates on current affairs. Historical events should be linked with their significance in the present context.

Importance of Current Affairs

Current affairs play a crucial role and can be prepared through newspapers, magazines, and reliable online sources.

Detailed Breakdown of General Studies Paper II (CSAT) Topics

Focus on improving comprehension, logical reasoning, and basic numerical abilities through practice and regular tests.

Preparation Strategies for Prelims

Utilize a mix of NCERT books, standard reference books, and current affairs magazines. Regular mock tests and revision are key. UPSC IAS Syllabus

Detailed Breakdown of Mains Syllabus

Qualifying Papers: Indian Language and English

These papers are qualifying in nature but require a good command of the respective languages.

Essay Paper

Practice writing essays on diverse topics. Focus on clarity, coherence, and depth of analysis.

General Studies Papers

  • Paper I: Covers Indian culture, modern Indian history, world history, and geography.
  • Paper II: Focus on governance, polity, social justice, and international relations.
  • Paper III: Encompasses economic development, technology, environment, and security issues.
  • Paper IV: Ethics, integrity, and aptitude, requiring a strong moral compass and ethical reasoning.

Optional Subjects

Choose subjects you are comfortable with. Review the syllabus, previous years’ papers, and standard textbooks. IAS Pre Exam UPSC IAS Syllabus

Preparation Tips and Strategies

Time Management

Create a realistic timetable and stick to it. Allocate time for each subject and include regular revisions.

Effective Study Techniques IAS Pre Exam

Use active learning methods like summarization, self-quizzing, and group studies. UPSC Syllabus

Stick to a few standard books and revise them multiple times. Use online resources judiciously. UPSC IAS Syllabus

Importance of Mock Tests and Previous Year Papers

Regularly attempt mock tests and analyze your performance. Solve previous year papers to understand the exam pattern.

Conclusion UPSC Syllabus

Understanding the UPSC IAS syllabus is the first step toward effective preparation. Stick to a well-structured study plan, use reliable resources, and stay consistent with your efforts. Remember, persistence and hard work are key to cracking this prestigious examination. IAS Pre Exam UPSC IAS Syllabus


What is the importance of understanding the UPSC IAS syllabus?

Understanding the syllabus helps in planning your preparation and focusing on relevant topics. UPSC IAS Syllabus

How has the UPSC IAS syllabus changed for 2024? UPSC Syllabus

The syllabus has seen updates to include more contemporary issues and an increased focus on current affairs. UPSC IAS Syllabus

What are the key topics to focus on for Prelims and Mains?

For Prelims, focus on current events, history, polity, geography, and basic numeracy. For Mains, the emphasis should be on in-depth understanding and analysis of topics in the General Studies papers and the chosen optional subject. IAS Pre Exam UPSC IAS Syllabus

How to choose an optional subject for Mains? UPSC Syllabus

Choose a subject based on your interest, academic background, and availability of study materials and guidance.

What are the best resources for UPSC IAS preparation?

Standard textbooks, NCERT books, newspapers like The Hindu, online portals like PIB, and mock tests from reputed coaching institutes. UPSC IAS Syllabus

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