Most Important IAS topics for UPSC Exam

Most Important IAS topics

The IAS preparation is the interplay of important topics for the UPSC Syllabus. Read below the list of important topics for the UPSC 2022 prelims and IAS main 2022 exam. Most Important IAS topics (Subject-wise) for UPSC Exam

Most Important IAS topics for UPSC Exam 2020 -21

Important topics for the UPSC exam 2022 and the IAS main 2022 will have overlapping because the time frame of the exam overlaps each other. The UPSC syllabus for the prelims exam does not define the topics in detail. The candidates should understand the demand of the UPSC exam by analyzing the UPSC syllabus and UPSC question paper simultaneously. UPSC preparation requires over one year of dedicated preparation in the right direction with the right strategy. Important topics for the UPSC IAS exam are the tip of the iceberg of the UPSC syllabus. Important topics for the UPSC exam provide the right direction to the UPSC IAS preparation.

The IAS exam is all about the important topics which need to be prepared by the IAS aspirants. The candidates must develop the skill to understand and observe any current event of national and international importance from a lens of the UPSC syllabus and relevance for the IAS exam. Special emphasis should be given to filter out the irrelevant events and happenings which are not important for the IAS exam. This skill can only be developed by analyzing the IAS question papers of the prelims exam and main exam.

Current Affairs Topics for IAS

Current events of national and international importance are the guiding force for IAS preparation. It provides the locus of UPSC IAS preparation and the current affairs of the last 100 days are most important for the IAS prelims exam. The candidates need to prepare for the current affairs from January 1, 2022 till 20 days prior to the exam. The question paper is printed 20 – 25 days earlier than the exam.

  1. Recovery of Indian Economy
  2. New Agriculture Laws
  3. New National Education Policy
  4. Digital Education Report
  5. Stages of Vaccine Development
  6. ASEEM Platform
  7. Postal Ballet in India
  8. Net Zero Carbon Emission – Meaning
  9. 5G technology – Beam formation, Mass MIMO
  10. Working of ICMR
  11. Drug testing regulation in India
  12. String of Pearls theory and India’s counter
  13. Sea Lines of Communication in the Indian Ocean
  14. One Belt One Road (OBOR) Policy and India’s Counter
  15. Cyclone Nisarga affected areas
  16. Fabric required for PPE kit
  17. What percentage of oxygen is required for the normal functioning of the brain?
  18. Shifting of Earth’s Geo-Magnetic field and its impact
  19. Indo-Nepal & Indo-China Border distpute
  20. Virus and Bacteria borne diseases differences
  21. Outbreak-Epidemic-Pandemic
  22. CORONA Test Techniques – Viral vs Antibody Test
  23. Recent NAM and SCO Summit
  24. Recent Dhaula-Vira Discoveries
  25. Coronavirus Pandemic
  26. China – Wuhan
  27. Facts related to the Citizenship Amendment Act
  28. The Jammu & Kashmir, Leh and Ladakh formation
  29. Sir Creek dispute
  30. Uttarakhand Summer Capital
  31. Environment Summits 2020-2021

Economy Topics for UPSC IAS 

Indian Economy topics are more oriented towards current events. The candidates need to prepare for the current economic events occurring in India and the world. The candidates need to understand the Indian Economic Structure and its interaction with the world.

  1. Role of RBI in post-COVID-19 recovery
  2. Recovery of Indian Economy after the pandemic
  3. FATF Review of Indian Economy Pushed to 2021
  4. IMF projection and Indian Economy
  5. Garib Kalyan Rozgar Abhiyaan
  6. Zoram Food Park, Mizoram
  7. Google to invest 75000 Crore in India
  8. National Infrastructure Pipeline
  9. Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund
  10. What is Negative Growth?
  11. Deflation and Recession
  12. Indian Economic Structure
  13. The primary, secondary and tertiary producers
  14. Agriculture in India
  15. Banking Structure of India (Recent Bank Mergers)
  16. RBI Mandate and it’s functioning
  17. SEBI, IRDA
  18. REPO rate, Reverse Repo Rate, Marginal Standing Facility, Bank Rate
  19. Crypto-currency and issues related to it ( Recently Supreme Court gave an order related to it

Geography Topics for IAS

The geography topics are very important because geography is a science-based subject and various candidates found it difficult to prepare. There are a good number of questions from the physical geography of India and the world. World geography has very fewer questions in the IAS question paper. The important topics are as follows.

  1. The increasing frequency of Cyclone
  2. Bihar and Assam Floods
  3. Flood and the Indian preparations across the state
  4. The naming convention of cyclones
  5. Physical Features along Indo-China Border
  6. Geo-Magnetic Field and its significance
  7. Cyclone Amphan &  Cyclone Nisarga
  8. Formation of Himalaya and structure of Himalayas, Importance of Himalayas
  9. Physical Geography of India
  10. The drainage system in India
  11. Monsoon pattern in India
  12. Rock System in India
  13. Formation of Rocks
  14. Recent Census figures
  15. Climatology
  16. Hydrology

Indian Polity Topics for IAS

The Indian Polity section is the favorite section of the UPSC because a good number of questions have been asked every year and the question seems very easy and direct but the close analysis of the question provides the insight that the question was difficult. It is suggested to read twice the Indian Polity questions then only mark the answers. The important topics for the India Polity section are as follows.

  1. New Agriculture Laws are essential for long-pending Agricultural reforms
  2. All India orientation of CBI investigation
  3. Implications of J & K reorganisation Act, 2019
  4. Difference between Cabinet Minister and Minister with Independent Charge
  5. Prime Minister as the Residuary Legatee
  6. Preamble
  7. Article related to the Land Boundaries and their redrawing
  8. Articles related to the Citizenship of India
  9. Citizenship Act
  10. Fundamental Rights
  11. Fundamental Duties
  12. Articles related to the Supreme Court of India
  13. Articles related to the Emergency Provisions in India
  14. Article related to the Union-State relations with social emphasis on Article 256, 356
  15. National Security Act
  16. Essential Commodities Act
  17. Important SC Judgements related to Fundamental Rights and Basic Structure Doctrine
  18. Panchayati Raj Institutions
  19. Lokpal Institution
  20. NITI Aayog functioning

History Topics for IAS

History of India is one of the largest sections in the IAS syllabus. The number of questions in IAS prelims and main exam is relatively less. Though the number is less, the UPSC can surprise any year with the increase in numbers in the IAS question paper. The important topic is based on the previous year’s trend and recent discoveries.
Modern history is the most important section of the IAS prelims exam. The following topics will be very important for the IAS prelims 2022

  1. History of Galwan Valley
  2. Dholavira excavation and the related discoveries
  3. Government of India Act 1935
  4. All the events occurred in the year 1919 and 1920.
  5. All the events related to Mahatma Gandhi and Jawahar Lal Nehru
  6. The Round Table Conferences – I, II and III. (III is most important)
  7. Poona Pact
  8. Jaliawalan Bagh Tragedy
  9. Civil Disobedience Movement 
  10. Cabinet Mission Plan
  11. Quit India Movement
  12. The Social movements in Modern India
  13. The Formation of Indian National Congress, the Democratic Socialist Party and the local parties
  14. The chronology of events leading to the Indian Independence
  15. National Leaders related to the National Movement
  16. Liberal Viceroys of India

The list given above is not exhaustive. We will amend it as we come across other important topics for the IAS exam.

UPSC IAS free Study Notes