Main Sources of Indian Constitution UPSC IAS Notes
Uncategorized

Main Sources of Indian Constitution UPSC IAS Notes

India, also known as Bharat is a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic, a republic with a parliamentary system of government. The republic is governed by the constitution of India which was adopted on 26th November 1949 and came into force on January 26th, 1950. Main Sources of Indian Constitution UPSC IAS Notes

Since the constitution of India was adopted on November 26th, 1949, this day is observed as Samvidhan Diwas or Constitution Day in India. It came into force two months later to mark the anniversary of “poorna swaraj” hence, this day is celebrated as Republic Day in India. 

The constitution of India is the lengthiest written constitution in the world. The unique feature of the constitution of India is that it has adopted provisions from various other constitutions suiting the aspirations and challenges of the Indian population. 

In this article, we have discussed the important sources of the Indian constitution at a glance. Questions from this topic are often asked in General Studies Paper-I in UPSC Prelims. Hence, prepare this topic holistically to ensure you’re able to attempt the questions from sources of the Indian constitution efficiently.

Important Sources of Indian Constitution at a Glimpse

Government of India Act 1935Federal SchemeEmergency ProvisionsPublic Service CommissionsOffice of GovernorJudiciaryAdministrative Details
Constitution of the United StatesPreambleFundamental RightsThe federal structure of government electoral CollegeIndependence of the judiciary and separation of powers among the three branches of the government judicial reviewPresident as Supreme Commander of Armed ForcesEqual protection under the law
British constitutionParliamentary form of government idea of single citizenship idea of the Rule of lawWritsInstitution of Speaker and his roleLawmaking procedure procedure established by Law
Irish constitution (Ireland)Directive Principles of State PolicyNomination of members to Rajya SabhaMethod of Election of President
Australian constitutionFreedom of trade and commerce within the country and between the states power of the national legislature to make laws for implementing treaties, even on matters outside normal Federal jurisdiction concurrent List
French constitutionRepublic and the ideals of Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity in the Preamble
Constitution of South AfricaProcedure for amendment election of Rajya Sabha members
Constitution of Soviet Union (USSR)Fundamental Duties under Article 51-AA Constitutionally mandated Planning Commission to oversee the development of the economy
Constitution of GermanyEmergency powers to be enjoyed by the UnionSuspension of Fundamental Rights during an emergency.
Constitution of JapanProcedure Established by Law
Constitution of RussiaFundamental DutiesIdea of Social, Economic, and Political Justice in Preamble

Questions From Polity in UPSC Prelims 2020

1. Rajya Sabha has equal powers with Lok Sabha in

  1. the matter of creating new All India Services
  2. amending the Constitution
  3. the removal of the government
  4. making cut motions

2. With reference to the funds under the Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS), which of the following statements are correct?

  1. MPLADS funds must be used to create durable assets like physical infrastructure for health, education, etc.
  2. A specified portion of each MP’s fund must benefit SC/ST populations.
  3. MPLADS funds are sanctioned on yearly basis and the unused funds cannot be carried forward to the next year.
  4. The district authority must inspect at least 10% of all works under implementation every year.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 3 and 4 only
  3. 1, 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 4 only

3. Which one of the following categories of ‘Fundamental Rights incorporated against untouchability as a form of discrimination?

  1. Right against Exploitation
  2. Right to Freedom
  3. Right to Constitutional Remedies
  4. Right to Equality

4. In India, separation of judiciary from the executive is enjoined by

  1. the Preamble of the Constitution
  2. a Directive Principle of State Policy
  3. the Seventh Schedule
  4. the conventional practice

5. Along with the Budget, the Finance Minister also places other documents before the Parliament which include ‘The Macro-Economic Framework Statement’. The aforesaid document is presented because this is mandated by

  1. Long-standing parliamentary convention
  2. Article 112 and Article 110(1) of the Constitution of India
  3. Article 113 of the Constitution of India
  4. Provisions of the Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act, 2003

6. A constitutional government by definition is a

  1. Government by legislature
  2. Popular government
  3. Multi-party government
  4. Limited government

7. Other than the Fundamental Rights, which of the following parts of the Constitution of India reflect/reflect the principles and provisions of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)?

  1. Preamble
  2. Directive Principles of State Policy
  3. Fundamental Duties
  4. Select the correct answer using the code given below:
  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

8. In India, Legal Services Authorities provide free legal services to which of the following type of citizens?

  1. Person with an annual income of less than Rs 1,00,000
  2. Transgender with an annual income of less than Rs 2,00,000
  3. Member of Other Backward Classes (OBC) with an annual income of less than ₹ 3,00,000
  4. All Senior Citizens

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 3 and 4 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1 and 4 only

9. A Parliamentary System of Government is one in which

  1. All political parties in the Parliament are represented in the Government
  2. The Government is responsible to the Parliament and can be removed by it
  3. The Government is elected by the people and can be removed by them
  4. The Government is chosen by the Parliament but cannot be removed by it before completion of a fixed term

10. Which part of the Constitution of India declares the ideal of a Welfare State?

  1. Directive Principles of State Policy
  2. Fundamental Rights
  3. Preamble
  4. Seventh Schedule

11. Consider the following statements:

  1. The Constitution of India defines its ‘basic structure’ in terms of federalism, secularism, fundamental rights and democracy.
  2. The Constitution of India provides for ‘judicial review’ to safeguard the citizens’ liberties and to preserve the ideals on which the Constitution is based.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

12. In the context of India, which one of the following is the characteristic appropriate for bureaucracy?

  1. An agency for widening the scope of parliamentary democracy
  2. An agency for strengthening the structure of federalism
  3. An agency for facilitating political stability and economic growth
  4. An agency for the implementation of public policy

13. The Preamble to the Constitution of India is

  1. a part of the Constitution but has no legal effect
  2. not a part of the Constitution and has no legal effect either
  3. Part of the Constitution and has the same legal effect as any other part
  4. a part of the Constitution but has no legal effect independently of other parts

14. With reference to the provisions contained in Part IV of the Constitution of India, which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. They shall be enforceable by courts.
  2. They shall not be enforceable by any court.
  3. The principles laid down in this part are to influence the making of laws by the State.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 2 and 3 only

15. Consider the following statements:

According to the Constitution of India, a person who is eligible to vote can be made a minister in a State for six months even if he/she is not a member of the Legislature of that State.

According to the Representation of People Act, 1951, a person convicted of a criminal offense and sentenced to imprisonment for five years is permanently disqualified from contesting an election even after his release from prison. Main Sources of Indian Constitution

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

16. Consider the following statements:

  1. The President of India can summon a session of the Parliament at such a place as he/she thinks fit.
  2. The Constitution of India provides for three sessions of the Parliament in a year, but it is not mandatory to conduct all three sessions.
  3. There is no minimum number of days that the Parliament is required to meet in a year.
  4. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 2 and 3 only

17. In which one of the following groups are all the four countries members of G20?

  1. Argentina, Mexico, South Africa and Turkey
  2. Australia, Canada, Malaysia and New Zealand
  3. Brazil, Iran, Saudi Arabia and Vietnam
  4. (d) Indonesia, Japan, Singapore and South Korea

This is a brief overview of the Sources of the Indian constitution for the UPSC Civil Services Examination. This topic is extensively discussed in our General Studies-I course for the UPSC Mains exam. Further, since it is a part of History, it is also a part of our mini-course on Polity! Main Sources of Indian Constitution

UPSC

Knowledgekart Online Academy for UPSC IAS IPS

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *